Yukio Tanaka might come off gawky to his classmates, but far from his outward image, he’s despondent and directionless – a rock star in the making if ever there was one. Even at fourteen, he maintains that his life is already a dead end, and while this lead isn’t uncommon in anime, there’s something refreshing in Tanaka’s existentialism. We might expect him to get whisked off to a fantasy land only he’s capable of saving, or discover some tremendous power or ability, but he doesn’t. Instead, he moves from day to day, with the kind of bland functionality and fatalism of a salaryman twice his age. While certainly not overtly a ‘bad boy’, Tanaka – known affectionately as Koyuki – has a problem with authority, striking out at the world with petty rebellions. We see him stare up a train station security camera before stepping over the yellow safety line.
In such situations, in anime and American narratives alike, we expect the male protagonist to have their zest for life reinvigorated by a kooky girl. Maho Minami, who Tanaka later falls for, does have a whiff of the ‘manic pixie dream girl’ archetype about her, though she’s altogether more confrontational, abrasive and, best of all, challenging. But it’s her older brother, the guitar whizz Ryusuke who changes Tanaka’s life. Ryusuke straddles both American and Japanese societies, having lived in New York for years. This has made him a stranger in both societies, being unable to write or read kanji and decrying “feudalistic practises” like using honorifics. And while he dresses like a two-bit Kurt Cobain, he turns down hair dye, saying he likes his black hair au natural.
Beck rubs shoulders with Perfect Blue and Nana on Studio Madhouse’s roster, both of which are touchstones of the series. In the case of Perfect Blue, Satoshi Kon’s cinematic masterpiece, the link is visual rather than thematic. The punk DIY ethos of the bands in Beck stands in stark contrast with the noxious inner workings of celebrity culture in Perfect Blue. But both the filmic editing and leisurely pace are reminiscent of Kon’s deliberate and effortless storytelling. Beck likewise is masterfully constructed, carefully considered, and although it owes much of its style to Takahiro Sakuishi’s original manga (under the pen name Harold Sakuishi), Beck sets itself apart with a style conscious of TV and, more specifically, film. Madhouse’s anime is indebted to American independent cinema, even with the original aspect ratio rather than widescreen.
Beck is, of course, most ostensibly about adolescence and the warring states of the teenage years, but it’s also a narrative about cultural identity. Read as a discourse on the proliferation of American culture in Japanese society, as experienced through its central characters, and Beck becomes a potent statement of globalisation. But rather than demonising this phenomena, it adopts a more neutral standpoint, where these icons are evocative of being a Japanese teen, while simultaneously mourning a country losing touch with its own tradition. Its focus is rock, a distinctly Western style, starting life in America morphing out of the blues tradition, before being exported over to England, and then beamed back to the US as the Merseybeat sound. The British Invasion saw myriad bands from Blighty introduce their own take of rock ‘n’ roll and inspire generations of artists to come. In the following decades, it would adapt and mutate, covering everything from heavy metal to punk and later grunge. And that’s where we find Tanaka and co, obsessed with British rock and punk; grunge and other alternative sounds from America.